Infection prevention and control involves evidence-based practices and procedures that can prevent or reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms. Key components include:
The Provincial Infectious Diseases Advisory Committee (PIDAC) provides best practice documents and guidance regarding infectious disease identification, prevention and control to Healthcare Facilities in Ontario.
Hand washing is a simple and effective way to prevent infections. Hands should be washed any time you have contact with another person's blood, body fluids or broken skin.
Just Clean Your Hands
At home, wash your hands:
It's easy to wash your hands. You can use soap and water and rub all surfaces of your hands vigorously for 15 seconds. If your hands don't have visible dirt on them, you can use an alcohol-based hand rub and rub it all over your hands for 15 seconds.
Downloadable Hand Hygiene Materials:
Additional Hand Hygiene Resources:
Routine Practices are activities that you do to help reduce your risk of being exposed to blood, body fluids and non-intact (broken) skin of other people. By following routine practices you help protect yourself and others from organisms and diseases that can be spread from person to person.
Downloadable Routine Practice Materials:
Personal Protective Equipment:
Additional Precautions Signage:
Respiratory Infection Prevention and Control:
Additional Routine Practices Resources:
Cleaning is the physical removal of soil, dust and microorganisms by using water, detergents and mechanical action. Once an object is cleaned, it can be disinfected using an appropriate disinfectant while following the manufacturer's directions for concentration and contact time.
Cleaning and Disinfecting Resources:
Immunization throughout our lives makes our immune system stronger and helps prevent the spread of communicable diseases, such as influenza, diphtheria and measles.
Additional Immunization Resources:
Antibiotics should be used wisely, as needed and as prescribed. Proper use of antibiotics is an important measure to prevent and control the development of antibiotic resistant organisms and Clostridium difficile.